The Boston Children's Hospital Computational Health Informatics Program (CHIP), founded in 1994, is a multidisciplinary applied research and education program. Our faculty advance the science of biomedical informatics for molecular characterization of the patient, gene discovery, medical decision making, diagnosis, therapeutic selection, care redesign, public health management, population health, and re-imagined clinical trials. Biomedical informatics has become a major theme and methodology for biomedical science, health care delivery, and population health, involving high-dimensional modeling and understanding of patients from the molecular to the population levels. The field is inherently interdisciplinary, drawing on traditional biomedical disciplines, the science and technology of computing, data science, biostatistics, epidemiology, decision theory, omics, implementation science, and health care policy and management. CHIP faculty are trained in medicine, data science, computer science, mathematics and epidemiology. Though CHIP has a robust pediatric research agenda, our contributions span across all ages. CHIP is a collaborating program with the Department of Biomedical Informatics at Harvard Medical School.

The Program’s innovations have transformed the landscape of big data in health care, the use of AI in clinical decision making, and the IT strategies of commercial enterprises. CHIP discoveries and inventions have been widely adopted by technology companies such as: Apple, Microsoft, Google and Amazon.

Leading projects include the SMART on FHIR “app store for health”, the cTAKES pipeline for computerized “reading” of clinical text, the HealthMap global surveillance system, and the federated data sharing Genomic Information Commons.

CHIP software is reading millions of doctors’ notes across sites of care and surfacing key insights about adverse medication effects. CHIP research has strongly influenced public policy from vaccine recommendations to health IT provisions in the 21st Century Cures Act to paradigm shifts in data provisioning by CMS. CHIP’s biosurveillance computational platforms have found the earliest signals of Ebola outbreaks. On the basis of these advances, Health 2.0 voted Boston Children's Hospital the 10 Year Global Retrospective Top Influencer among all health care organizations.

Publications

Kiang MV, Santillana M, Chen JT, Onnela JP, Krieger N, Engø-Monsen K, Ekapirat N, Areechokchai D, Prempree P, Maude RJ, Buckee CO. Incorporating human mobility data improves forecasts of Dengue fever in Thailand. Scientific reports 2021.

Rubinstein YR, Robinson PN, Gahl WA, Avillach P, Baynam G, Cederroth H, Goodwin RM, Groft SC, Hansson MG, Harris NL, Huser V, Mascalzoni D, McMurry JA, Might M, Nellaker C, Mons B, Paltoo DN, Pevsner J, Posada M, Rockett-Frase AP, Roos M, Rubinstein TB, Taruscio D, van Enckevort E, Haendel MA. The case for open science: rare diseases. JAMIA open 2020.

Ferenczi S, Solymosi N, Horváth I, Szeőcs N, Grózer Z, Kuti D, Juhász B, Winkler Z, Pankotai T, Sükösd F, Stágel A, Paholcsek M, Dóra D, Nagy N, Kovács KJ, Zanoni I, Szallasi Z. Efficient treatment of a preclinical inflammatory bowel disease model with engineered bacteria. Molecular therapy. Methods & clinical development 2021.

Liu D, Olson KL, Manzi SF, Mandl KD. Patients dispensed medications with actionable pharmacogenomic biomarkers: rates and characteristics. Genetics in medicine : official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics 2021.

Diao JA, Inker LA, Levey AS, Tighiouart H, Powe NR, Manrai AK. In Search of a Better Equation - Performance and Equity in Estimates of Kidney Function. The New England journal of medicine 2021.