Journal
Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases
Alternate Journal
Infect. Genet. Evol.

The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted healthcare disparities in multiple countries. As such morbidity and mortality vary significantly around the globe between populations and ethnic groups. Underlying medical conditions and environmental factors contribute higher incidence in some populations and a genetic predisposition may play a role for severe cases with respiratory failure. Here we investigated whether genetic variation in the key genes for viral entry to host cells-ACE2 and TMPRSS2-and sensing of viral genomic RNAs (i.e., TLR3/7/8) could explain the variation in incidence across diverse ethnic groups. Overall, these genes are under strong selection pressure and have very few nonsynonymous variants in all populations. Genetic determinant for the binding affinity between SARS-CoV-2 and ACE2 does not show significant difference between populations. Non-genetic factors are likely to contribute differential population characteristics affected by COVID-19. Nonetheless, a systematic mutagenesis study on the receptor binding domain of ACE2 is required to understand the difference in host-viral interaction across populations.

Lee I-H, Lee J-W, Kong SW. A survey of genetic variants in SARS-CoV-2 interacting domains of ACE2, TMPRSS2 and TLR3/7/8 across populations. Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases. 2020:104507. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104507.
08/2020
10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104507
1567-7257
32858233
104507