Landmark Ideas Series: People, Ideas, and Machines

Speaker: Enrico Coiera, PhD, at Australian Institute of Health Innovation

Date: April 29, 2021 at 5:00PM - 6:30PM

In an age where technology appears to rule supreme, it is easy to forget that our relationship with technology is complicated. Just as humans shape technology, it shapes us in return. It is also easy to only see things through the lens of the technologies we have to hand, and build solutions that ill fit reality. Electronic health records for example demand that clinical work bends to the needs of documentation, with the end result being burnt out clinicians who do anything but what they were taught at medical school. Algorithms built with our cleverest machine learning methods just end up making concrete the biases implicit in their data sets. Seeing human systems like healthcare as sociotechnical systems helps us understand these unintended consequences, and gives us a different lens to understand technology design and use.

Trained in medicine and with a computer science PhD in Artificial Intelligence (AI), Dr. Coiera has a research background in both industry and academia and a strong international research reputation for his work on decision support and communication processes in biomedicine. Dr. Coiera spent 10 years at the prestigious Hewlett-Packard Research Laboratories in Bristol UK where he led numerous health technology projects. He has overseen the development and trial of multiple eHealth interventions, including the Healthy.me consumer system as well as clinical decision support systems. Healthy.me technologies underpin a new US health startup called Healthbanc. His textbook Guide to Health Informatics is in its 3rd edition, is widely used internationally, and is translated into several languages. Dr. Coiera has won a number of prestigious awards including the 2015 International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) François Grémy Award for Excellence and the 2011 UNSW Inventor of the year (Information and Communication Technology) for a literature-based computational discovery system. He was elected Foundation Fellow and first President of the Australian College of Health Informatics, is a foundation member of the International Academy of Health Sciences Informatics, and an International Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics. Dr. Coiera has also held key appointments on boards, councils and editorial positions on international journals including Associate Editor of the journal ‘Artificial Intelligence in Medicine’.

Publications

Morales A, Ing A, Antolik C, Austin-Tse C, Baudhuin LM, Bronicki L, Cirino A, Hawley MH, Fietz M, Garcia J, Ho C, Ingles J, Jarinova O, Johnston T, Kelly MA, Kurtz CL, Lebo M, Macaya D, Mahanta L, Maleszewski J, Manrai AK, Murray M, Richard G, Semsarian C, Thomson KL, Winder T, Ware JS, Hershberger RE, Funke BH, Vatta M, . Harmonizing the Collection of Clinical Data on Genetic Testing Requisition Forms to Enhance Variant Interpretation in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM): A Study from the ClinGen Cardiomyopathy Variant Curation Expert Panel. The Journal of molecular diagnostics : JMD 2021.

Kohane IS, Aronow BJ, Avillach P, Beaulieu-Jones BK, Bellazzi R, Bradford RL, Brat GA, Cannataro M, Cimino JJ, García-Barrio N, Gehlenborg N, Ghassemi M, Gutiérrez-Sacristán A, Hanauer DA, Holmes JH, Hong C, Klann JG, Loh NHW, Luo Y, Mandl KD, Mohamad D, Moore JH, Murphy SN, Neuraz A, Ngiam KY, Omenn GS, Palmer N, Patel LP, Pedrera-Jiménez M, Sliz P, South AM, Tan ALM, Taylor DM, Taylor BW, Torti C, Vallejos AK, Wagholikar KB, Weber GM, Cai T. What Every Reader Should Know About Studies Using Electronic Health Record Data but May be Afraid to Ask. Journal of medical Internet research 2021.

Cutillo CM, Sharma KR, Foschini L, Kundu S, Mackintosh M, Mandl KD, . Machine intelligence in healthcare-perspectives on trustworthiness, explainability, usability, and transparency. NPJ digital medicine 2020.

Brat GA, Weber GM, Gehlenborg N, Avillach P, Palmer NP, Chiovato L, Cimino J, Waitman LR, Omenn GS, Malovini A, Moore JH, Beaulieu-Jones BK, Tibollo V, Murphy SN, Yi SL, Keller MS, Bellazzi R, Hanauer DA, Serret-Larmande A, Gutierrez-Sacristan A, Holmes JJ, Bell DS, Mandl KD, Follett RW, Klann JG, Murad DA, Scudeller L, Bucalo M, Kirchoff K, Craig J, Obeid J, Jouhet V, Griffier R, Cossin S, Moal B, Patel LP, Bellasi A, Prokosch HU, Kraska D, Sliz P, Tan ALM, Ngiam KY, Zambelli A, Mowery DL, Schiver E, Devkota B, Bradford RL, Daniar M, Daniel C, Benoit V, Bey R, Paris N, Serre P, Orlova N, Dubiel J, Hilka M, Jannot AS, Breant S, Leblanc J, Griffon N, Burgun A, Bernaux M, Sandrin A, Salamanca E, Cormont S, Ganslandt T, Gradinger T, Champ J, Boeker M, Martel P, Esteve L, Gramfort A, Grisel O, Leprovost D, Moreau T, Varoquaux G, Vie JJ, Wassermann D, Mensch A, Caucheteux C, Haverkamp C, Lemaitre G, Bosari S, Krantz ID, South A, Cai T, Kohane IS. International electronic health record-derived COVID-19 clinical course profiles: the 4CE consortium. NPJ digital medicine 2020.