An area of CHIP pioneering innovation is federated networks, a practice which enables decentralized approaches to data distributed across sites. From our faculty’s earliest forays into the field with the Shared Pathology Information Network (The NCI funded “Napster for pathology samples”) to the first demonstration of federated research networks for biosurveillance, to development of the Shared Health Research Innovation Network (SHRINE) network.

Our program has worked with sister academic medical institutions to establish globally scalable technology, policies and procedures for sharing genomic, phenotypic and biospecimen data on broadly consented cohorts, across sites of care. We have, in partnership with our sister sites, developed two federated data sharing commons, the Genomic Research and Innovation Network (GRIN) and the Genomic Information Commons (GIC). Our faculty have developed the first query portal in the world that provides a uniform interface that enables users to retrieve genomic data, phenotypic data and biospecimen metadata in a single query. The technology, policies, and procedures that we have developed enable us to acquire additional partners and scale our federated data sharing globally.

Projects

Publications

Zhang A, Teng L, Alterovitz G. An explainable machine learning platform for pyrazinamide resistance prediction and genetic feature identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2020.

Geva A, Stedman JP, Manzi SF, Lin C, Savova GK, Avillach P, Mandl KD. Adverse drug event presentation and tracking (ADEPT): semiautomated, high throughput pharmacovigilance using real-world data. JAMIA open 2020.

Börcsök J, Sztupinszki Z, Bekele R, Gao SP, Diossy M, Samant AS, Dillon KM, Tisza V, Spisák S, Rusz O, Csabai I, Pappot H, Frazier ZJ, Konieczkowski DJ, Liu D, Vasani N, Rodrigues JA, Solit DB, Hoffman-Censits JH, Plimack ER, Rosenberg JE, Lazaro JB, Taplin ME, Iyer G, Brunak S, Lozsa R, Van Allen EM, Szüts D, Mouw KW, Szallasi Z. Identification of a synthetic lethal relationship between nucleotide excision repair (NER) deficiency and irofulven sensitivity in urothelial cancer. Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2020.

Gokuldass A, Draghi A, Papp K, Borch TH, Nielsen M, Westergaard MCW, Andersen R, Schina A, Bol KF, Chamberlain CA, Presti M, Met Ö, Harbst K, Lauss M, Soraggi S, Csabai I, Szállási Z, Jönsson G, Svane IM, Donia M. Qualitative Analysis of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes across Human Tumor Types Reveals a Higher Proportion of Bystander CD8 T Cells in Non-Melanoma Cancers Compared to Melanoma. Cancers 2020.

Perera G, Rijnbeek PR, Alexander M, Ansell D, Avillach P, Duarte-Salles T, Gordon MF, Lapi F, Mayer MA, Pasqua A, Pedersen L, van Der Lei J, Visser PJ, Stewart R. Vascular and metabolic risk factor differences prior to dementia diagnosis: a multidatabase case-control study using European electronic health records. BMJ open 2020.